What is Pregabalin?

What is Pregabalin?

Neuropathic pain or nerve pain in various parts of the body is no longer associated with old age. A hectic lifestyle and an unhealthy diet regime are significant contributors to nerve damage in young people. Hence, drugs like pregabalin have become a necessity.

Pregabalin is a brand-name drug used for the treatment of neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia. It is available in different forms, viz capsule, tablet, and solution. You can treat nerve injury due to primary spinal cord dysfunction by using pregabalin.

Overview of Pregabalin?

Pregabalin comes under a class of medicines called anticonvulsants and is considered highly effective in treating various kinds of nerve issues and seizures. It is available as a solution, tablet, and capsule to incorporate inclusivity. However, a generic drug of the same kind is not available in the market as of now. It hampers the ability of the nerves to trigger pain all around the body through an adequate release of mechanism to fight it. Patients must seek medical advice before purchasing the medicine as it can cause side effects in some instances.

How to Take Pregabalin?

Since the drug is available in different categories, choose the category most preferable. The drug can be consumed twice or thrice a day with or without having a meal. One must consume the extended-release tablet form only once a day.

Patients must ensure eating the tablet consistently at the same hour to ensure habit-forming. You must read the prescription label properly to avoid allergies that might occur otherwise.

Swallowing the entire pregabalin tablet is a must. It should not be chewed half or dissolved in water as such steps can reduce the effect. Initially, a lower dose is prescribed to analyze the impact of the drug on the patient. In case of no reverse or negative effect, the dose is gradually enhanced to ensure the best results. A lot of people experience withdrawal symptoms like anxiety and headache if they halt the process in the middle. It is because pregabalin is extremely addictive. The treatment often induces suicide-related thoughts and must be regulated by a professional medical professional.

If you forget to take the dose at the prescribed time, consume the drug as soon as it hits the brain. Do not increase the quantity of the drug to make up for the missed dose, as it can trigger side effects.

Benefits of Pregabalin

Pregabalin can be used in various health issues that have been mentioned below,

  • Neuropathic pain is a result of extreme damage to nerves as a result of diabetes or spinal cord injury.
  • Fibromyalgia is an extreme case of rheumatism, often causing pain in the entire body. The use of drugs like pregabalin is often the go-to solution to ease out the pain from the body.
  • It can be used to treat partial-onset seizures occurring in children above 1 year and adults. However, adults and children must be properly assessed before starting the course. Pregabalin is highly addictive, and withdrawal symptoms like anxiety and stomach pain are common.

How it Functions

Pregabalin comes under the group of anticonvulsants, and it calms down irritated muscles and nerves in the body.

Additional Instructions

You should use a tight container to store the medication, away from the reach of children and animals. The container should be placed at room temperature, in a dry place completely devoid of moisture.

The drug can cause acute dizziness, making ordinary tasks like driving a lot more complicated and dangerous. Individuals should restrain themselves from engaging in driving or using machinery after consuming the drug. Patients with kidney disease should not seek medical help before switching to the drug. Breastfeeding women should also be wary of using pregabalin as it gets mixed with the mild and can potentially harm the child. Women might have to stop breastfeeding to continue the medication.

Diabetic patients must be extra wary as pregabalin might lead to skin sores. Keep a check on the skin and make sure to consume it following the right pattern.

Patients do not need to switch to specialized diets and the drug unless the doctor has advised it.

Patients having a history with CNS depressants and opioids should consult a doctor before switching to pregabalin as it is often known to result in acute respiratory complications. You might require urgent medical help in such a case.

Proper disposal of the drug is necessary to ensure a well-protected environment and the safety of its habitants.

Side Effects

Patients often experience side effects ranging from mild to severe. Consuming the drug in the right dose at the right time should be the first step to avoid such health risks. Some of the common side effects have been mentioned below,

  • Struggling with focus
  • A dry mouth
  • Blurred vision or change in vision
  • Soreness in hands and feet
  • A slight change in weight
  • Fatigue and dizziness

However, severe side effects are also experienced by some people on the grounds of incomplete course or usage of the wrong direction. It becomes imperative to follow the right set of procedures to avoid severe side effects. Some serious side effects requiring immediate medical assistance have been mentioned below,

  • Extreme respiratory problem
  • Consistent suicidal thoughts and attempts
  • Rash and soreness across different body parts
  • Sudden change in emotions
  • Struggling with quality sleep time
  • Chest pain

Apart from the side effects mentioned above, panic attacks and swellings should also be considered serious allergies. One must seek immediate medical assistance in case the patent experiences such side effects.

Drug Interactions with a Higher Probability of Causing Side Effects

A few drugs, when made to interact with pregabalin, can cause dangerous results for the individual. Such drugs have been mentioned below,

  • Rosiglitazone and pioglitazone are popular diabetic drugs. However, when made to interact with pregabalin, the result could be swelling of any body part or a sudden weight gain. It also enhances the chances of getting heart disease.
  • Drugs for anxiety and sleep deprivation often interact with pregabalin causing anxiety and fatigue. Doctor advice is necessary to avoid such a circumstance.
  • Drugs like captopril and lisinopril are meant for blood pressure patients. However, when taken alongside pregabalin, such drugs can induce swelling and hives and various body parts.
  • Opioid drugs like oxycodone and CNS depressants can trigger complex respiratory problems if consumed along with pregabalin.

Individuals currently using any of the drugs mentioned above must discuss it prior with the doctor. Further, you should also share your history around surgeries and future surgery decisions with the doctor to facilitate informed decision-making and choosing the proper treatment procedure. Some of the drugs may also induce weight gain. Make sure to steer clear of alcohol before or after consuming the drug.

Conclusion

Pregabalin is a highly successful drug aimed at reducing nerve and muscle pain in patients experiencing different ailments. Patients with underlying health issues like kidney problems or alcohol and drug abuse should give up on such habits. Men planning to become a father or pregnant women should consider getting medical assistance to decide on the best option available to them.

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